April 26, 2018

NOLA Special Election To Decide: Increase Hours or Shutter Seven Branches?


New Orleans residents will go to the polls on May 2 to vote on a proposed new library millage which, if adopted, would pump an additional $8.25 million annually into a system that officials say is underfunded and barely holding the line on current services thanks to a reserve fund that will run dry in 2016.

The library system’s 2015 operating budget is a shade more than $13 million, of which $3 million comes from the reserve pool. Almost $9.8 million of that budget pays for personnel. New Orleans Public Library (NOPL) already receives $9.5 million per year from an existing 3.14 millage, which replaced city funding in 1986. The proposed new 2.14 millage would be added to those funds, creating a pool of $17.75 million for library operations. Under the current millage, the owner of a home valued at $200,000 in New Orleans pays $40.70 a year in dedicated library taxes. If the new 2.5 millage passes, that amount would rise $31.01 for a total annual contribution of $71.71.

If the proposed tax of 2.5 mills fails to win approval, NOPL would need to close half of its 14 branches. Bernard Charbonnet, president of NOPL’s board of trustees, told LJ, “The only way we can keep them open is to pass this millage.”

The library would also have to slash operating hours by 35 percent, officials told Library Journal, in effect rolling back much of the restoration work accomplished in the nearly ten years since Hurricane Katrina.

“It is hyper-critical,” Karon Reese, president of Friends of the New Orleans Public Library, said of the vote, “in order for the library system to survive.”

Lining up for the library

If the proposal passes, the new tax revenue would not only stabilize NOPL’s overall funding, it would allow for a 30 percent increase in library hours, NOPL Executive Director Charles Brown said.

NOPL officials tout usage rates and a variety of successful programs as important reasons why more tax money is needed to sustain its momentum. In 2014, about 1,142,000 people visited the 14 libraries, and 3,108 library programs attracted more than 52,000 participants, according to figures supplied by NOPL.

“We have an overuse situation,” said Reese, noting that on weekends, it is not unusual for libraries in some New Orleans neighborhoods to find patrons lined up outside as they wait for the doors to open. “It sounds like I’m exaggerating but I’m not,” she said. “We have to kick people out of the library at closing hour.”

Charbonnet said NOPL faces a critical need to expand operating hours. Of the 14 branches, only three open their doors at all on Friday and not one branch currently stays open all seven days.

If the millage passes, the plan is to offer seven-day-a-week service at six branches and have nine libraries stay open six days.

“If we can get this millage, we can open when people need us,” Charbonnet said.

Still rebuilding

If the proposition passes, NOPL will also proceed with plans to reopen the Nora Navra Public Library in the city’s 7th Ward as the system’s 15th branch. Nora Navra was rendered uninhabitable in Katrina’s wake, but a replacement facility has been designed and rebuilding funds secured from the Federal Emergency Management Agency.

Katrina, of course, remains a defining event for NOPL, as it does for almost every municipal institution and resident remaining in New Orleans since the catastrophic storm flooded the city in August 2005.

NOPL was hit hard by the storm. Six branches were completely destroyed by the flooding and 90 percent of staff was laid off. Although five of those six destroyed branches reopened in smaller temporary facilities, system-wide services were reduced dramatically and spending was cut back sharply. Library millage was slashed 27 percent—from 4.32 to the current 3.14—as a break for taxpayers struggling themselves to get back on their feet. But with FTEs and services pared way back during this multiyear rebuilding phase, NOPL was able to bank about $12 million in the reserve fund.

An influx of federal money meant new—and bigger—libraries could be built. (See coverage of the LJ-led rebuilding of the Alvar Street branch.) In 2012, five large replacement libraries opened in New Orleans. Four were multi-story branches, creating an urgent need for more staff and other operational funds. With millage still at 3.14, NOPL made up the difference by using about $3 million a year from the reserve pool, Brown told LJ.

Jazzing up turnout

In January, the New Orleans City Council approved a special election to let voters decide on the new library tax. Reese’s Friends group has a presence on Facebook, which steers users to yesfornolalibraries.org. The group plans some public events to support passage of the millage, she added, but probably not until April. “There’s no organized opposition,” Reese said, “and I don’t really expect there to be. It’s hard to come out in opposition to libraries.”

However, there is one calendar conflict that has NOPL officials a bit concerned over turnout: May 2 is the second-to-last day of the annual New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival, which runs ten days. In a city renowned for its parties, Jazz Fest is one of New Orleans’s biggest annual draws (Elton John is the headliner on May 2’s sprawling program of acts).

So NOPL officials are stressing the early voting period, which runs from April 18–25. Voter registration deadline is April 1.

Reese described her own plans for May 2. “If I don’t early vote,” she said, “I don’t go to Jazz Fest until about noon…so I’ll have plenty of time to get there and vote.”

Hosted by Library Journal and School Library Journal, Stronger Together is a national gathering of thought leaders and innovators from across the country who will share where and how partnerships between school districts and public libraries are having success. Join us May 10–12 at the University of Nebraska Omaha, as we explore the impact these collaborations are having on the institutions, communities, and kids they serve.


  1. anonymous coward says:

    I’m not a mathematician- but how can you go from saying you are losing 1/4 of your budget because you have no more reserve fund to claiming if you don’t get double your annual budget you will have to shutter half of the libraries in the system? IN addition they would need to cut hours at other branches?

    That doesn’t make sense to me. It seems like a scare tactic and on the would /could lead to backlash. If you lose 1/3 of your funding- why ask for 75% increase in your overall funding instead of a 1/3 (or even 50% to add extras)?

    It is ambitious, and I’m sure they could do good things with that money, but threatening to close locations that the numbers don’t seem to support seems like a bad strategy to me…

    That being said, I don’t know the particulars as to how they arrived at these numbers- or how many alternate opinions they got from different numbers crunchers.

  2. NOLA Bookie says:

    OK…I would respectfully suggest that you go back to re-do your math.

    But first, there is a fundamental problem that the current income from taxes is not enough money to operate the current system. If the income does not increase, they will not be able to open the shuttered branch. (There are still fewer branches than pre-Katrina.) They will also have to decide where to cut.

    Note, that even before Katrina, the funding was not more than barely adequate.

    Note that the current tax funding is less than what the current personnel budget is. That is a problem. Currently there are branches which have only 5 day per week service. Not 6, 5. About half the branches are not open on Fridays.

    The city is spread out, getting between neighborhoods and other parts of the city is often difficult if you do not have transportation (and a lot of folks in the city do not). There is a crying need for better library service and the cost for residents is not significant.

    • anonymous coward says:

      NOLA- where is the math wrong? If they could simply increase the budget by $3 million they, could continue to operate as usual, yes? Instead they ask for the moon with the threat of closures to push their case, right?

      If I’m wrong in my calculations, please let me know my error.

  3. Also, Katrina was in 2005, not 1995 as stated above:

    “Katrina, of course, remains a defining event for NOPL, as it does for almost every municipal institution and resident remaining in New Orleans since the catastrophic storm flooded the city in August 1995.”

  4. Yes, the math is pretty simple. Without the increase, millage revenue will fall $300k short of paying current personnel (current cost is $9.8 million vs. only $9.5 million incoming). So if they want to have books, computers, lights and other such library staples, they will need to let go at least half of the current staff to recoup any money for any semblance of facilities and collection management. The loss of half the staff will indeed force half the branches to close and hours to be reduced.

    As stated, the reserve fund that is about to run out was only possible because half the system was rendered inoperable and ninety percent of the staff were laid off, leading to a small surplus of funding from 2005 until 2010, when the destroyed branches were finally rebuilt.

    • anonymous coward says:

      I understand they need more money to continue operating at current staff levels. My point was that they are asking for a massive increase I’m funding- not just funding to cover the shortfall (or even the shortfall and a little bit more).

      It doesn’t make sense.